How to Prune Roses Step by Step. Use clean, sharp tools. Start at the bottom of the bush and work up. Prune less in the beginning. You can always go back and cut away more unwanted growth. Most mistakes grow back just fine. Prune dead wood back to living plant tissue with an anvil pruner or lopper.
Jan 17, Rose bushes are beautiful plants that usually produce flowers in the spring. As fall begins, rose bushes usually close up and stop blooming. To maintain the health of your plant, try to cut it down by about ⅓, make your cuts at a 45 degree angle, and cut off any dead or diseased branches that can cause trouble for your plant as the weather gets colder%(4). prune climbers after their first spring blooms.
The exception are the always blooming types which should be pruned lightly in winter.
bush roses should be pruned back 50% and no more. remove all weak non-productive canes. prune strong canes by 50%, cut just above the buds that face away from the centers of the plants. Feb 13, Prune to the height you want your rose bush to be, keeping a fairly consistent height throughout. If it is in the back of a border, leave it a little higher; for the front of a border, trim lower.
For hybrid teas in particular, the lower you prune, the bigger the flower and longer the stem - good for cutting and exhibiting.
If there is no snow cover, the rose bush will suffer. Cover the plants with pine boughs or mounded soil, mulch, compost or seaweed over the lower stems. Don’t mulch with leaves or anything that creates a cozy habitat for voles – they may girdle and kill the roses.
Trim or tie down any unruly canes. No other pruning is required in the fall.